Monarchs

Monarchs Reign Related Reigned Died Age Buried Other Info
               
Normans              
William 1 (the Conqueror) 1066–1087 Son of Robert of Normandy 21 1087 60 Caen, Normandy Doomsday Book. Battle of Hastings and Bayeux Tapestry
William 2 (Rufus) 1087–1100 Son of  Willam 1 13 1100 43 Winchester Cathedral He was shot and killed in the New Forest by Walter Tirel. Supposedly a accident.
Henry 1 (Beauclerc) 1100–1135 Son of  Willam 1 35 1135 67 Reading Abbey, Berkshire Created the post of Chancellor of the Exchequer
Stephen 1135–1154 Granson of Willam 1 19 1154 50 Faversham Abbey, Kent Stopped Empress Matilda mother of Hentry ii from being crowned. In 1144, Jews in Norwich were accused of a ritual murder.
Empress Matilda 1141 Daughter of Henry 1 0 1169 67 Never crowned, Prince Geofrey was the father of Henry 2.
               
Angevins              
Henry 2 1154–1189 Son of Empress Matilda 35 1189 56 Fontevraud Abbey, Anjou, France Married Eleanor of Aquitane,  Responsible for the killing of Thomas Becket Archbishop of Cantebury.
Richard 1 (Lion-Heart) 1189–1199 Son of Henry 2 10 1199 42 Fontevraud Abbey, Anjou, France Hardly spent time in England. Lived in France and went on crusades
John (Lackland) 1199–1216 Son of Henry 2 17 1216 50 Worcester Cathedral Signed the Magna Carta 1215
               
Plantagenets              
Henry 3 1216–1272 Son of John 56 1272 65 Edward the Confessor’s Chapel, Westminster Abbey Started Parliament and House of Commons. Created colleges at Oxford and Cambridge
Edward 1 (Longshank) 1272–1307 Son of Henry 3 35 1307 68 Edward the Confessor’s Chapel, Westminster Abbey Hammer of the Scots and Founder of Kingston Upon Hull. Edict to expel all Jews from England in 1290. Overturned 350 years later by Oliver Cromwell.
Edward 2 1307–1327 Son of Edward 1 20 1327 43 Gloucester Cathedral 1st Prince of Wales – Deposed
Edward 3 1327–1377 Son of Edward 2 50 1377 65 Edward the Confessor’s Chapel, Westminster Abbey House of Lords, Robert Bruce, Black Death 1349
               
Richard 2 (Last Plantagenet) 1377–1399 Granson of Edward 3 22 1400 34 Edward the Confessor’s Chapel, Westminster Abbey Father was the Black Prince – Deposed  – Oversaw by John of Gaunt
               
House of Lancaster              
Henry 4 (Bollingbroke) 1399–1413 Granson of Edward 3 13 1413 47 Canterbury Cathedral Son of John of Gaunt, murdered Richard.
Henry 5 1413–1422 Son of Henry 4 9 1422 34 Westminster Abbey Agincourt 1415, Joan of Arc 1429
Henry 6 1422-1461 – 1470–1471 Son of Henry 5 39 1471 49 Windsor Castle (reburied in St George’s Chapel 1484) King of France but expelled from France – Deposed
              Killed by Edward 4. War of the Roses
House of York              
               
Edward 4 1461–1470 – 1471–1483 Distant cousin to Henry 6 21 1483 41 St George’s Chapel at Windsor Castle 1st Printing Press William Caxton
Edward 5 1483-1483 Son of Edward 4 3m ?1483 13 Murdered Murdered age 12
Richard 3 1483–1485 Brother of Edward 4 2 1485 32 tomb at Leicester Cathedral, body lost Last king to die in battle – Killed by Henry 7
               
Tudors (Welsh)              
Henry 7 1485–1509 Great granson of Edward 3 24 1509 53 Henry VII Lady Chapel, Westminster Abbey Mar4ied Edward4’s daughter Elizebeth uniting the York’s and Lancasters. End of roses war.
Henry 8 1509–1547 Son of Henry 7 38 1547 56 St George’s Chapel at Windsor Castle Had 6 wives – Made himself head of the C of E. (1) Catherine of Aragon 1509-1533 Divorced
(2) Anne Boleyn 1533-1536 Beheaded
(3) Jane Seymour 1536-1537 Died
(4) Anne of Cleves 1540 Divorced
(5) Catherine Howard 1540-1542 Beheaded
(6) Catherine Parr 1543-1547 Survived
Edward 6 1547–1553 Son of Henry 8 6 1553 16 Henry VII Lady Chapel, Westminster Abbey Son of Jane Seymour & Henry 8 Died aged 8
Jane (Lady Jane Grey – Dudley) 1553 Cousin to Edward 6 9d   17   Executed aged 15
Mary 1 (Bloody Mary) 1553–1558 Daughter of Henry 8 5 1558 43 Henry VII Lady Chapel, Westminster Abbey Daughter of Henry 8 and Cath of Aragon. Burned 300 protestants at the stake to return England to Catholic.
Elizabeth 1 1558–1603 Daughter of Henry 8 44 1603 69 Henry VII Lady Chapel, Westminster Abbey Protestant, vigin queen, never married. Walter Raleigh fought Spanish Armada and Philip 2 of spain, new counries founded. Francis Drake – New England (California). Virgina is named after her.
               
Stuarts 1              
James 1 (6 of Scotland) 1603–1625 Great Granson of Henry 7 22   59 Westminster 1st to rule England and Scotland. Bible & 1605 Guy Fawkes
Charles 1 1625–1649 Son of James 1 24   48 Windsor English Civil War – 1642 – 1651. Executed in 1649.  Refused entry to Hull – Beverley Gate 1642 Sir John Hotham parlimentarian.
Commonwealth             Declared 19 May 1649
Parliament 1649-1653 Ruled after Charles 1 executed.         England ruled by Commonwealth for 11 years.
Oliver Cromwell 1653-1658 Lord Protector 5   58 Westminster Commander of the Army, refused the crown.
Richard Cromwell 1658-1659 Oliver’s Son 1   32   Abdicated in May 1659
Stuarts 2              
Charles 2 1660–1685 Son of Charles 1 25   55 Westminster Abbey Exciled, crowned age 13, King of GB. Plague 1665, Great Fire 1666, St Paul’s built by Christopher Wren.
James 2 (7 of Scotland) 1685–1688 Son of Charles 1 3   68 Chateau de Saint Germain-en-Laye, Near Paris, Escaped to France dressed as a girl when his father was executed. Tried to force the Catholic faith.
William 3 (King Billy) & Mary 2 1689–1702 – Son of Prince William II of Orange, Daughter of Charles I 13   51 Westminster Abbey William of Orange. Offered the crown by parliament. ‘Glorious Revolution’ Mary was James 2 daughter and a protestant.
      6   33   Mary died of Smallpox
Anne (Brandy Nan) 1702–1714 Daughter of James 2 12   49 Westminster Abbey Had 18 children who all died. 1707 Act of Union formed GB. 1710 St Pauls finished. 1711 1st meeting at Ascot.
               
Hanoverians (North Germany)            
George 1 1714–1727 Great Granson of James 1 13   67 Leineschlosskirche, Hanover Spoke no English. King of GB, France and Ireland. Only spoke to Parliament in french and lived in Hanover. 1721 – 1742 – Robert Walpole became Engalnds 1st Prime Minister.
George 2 1727–1760 Son of George 1 33   77 Westminster Abbey Preferred Germany but learned English. Last monarch to lead troups into battle @ Battle of Dettingen 1743. 1735 – Gave 10, Downing Street to Robert Walpole. 1739 – Dick Turpin hanged at York.
George 3 (mad king george) 1760–1820 Granson of George 2 59   81 Windsor Born in England – 1801 UK formed.  Ruled for 50 years. Lost American colonies. Australia colonised. Wellington, Nelson, 1769 Captain Cook – Pacific. 1790 French Revolution. 1815 Battle of Waterloo.
George 4 1820–1830 Son of George 3 10   67 Windsor Prince Regent from 1811 when his father went mad. He built Brighton Pavillion.
William 4 (Sailor King) 1830–1837 Brother of George 4 7   71 Windsor 1834 – Fire destroys the Palace of Westminster. 1834 – Poor Law Act is passed, creating workhouses for the poor.  1836 – Births, marriages and deaths must be registered by law. 1836 – Dickens publishes Oliver Twist, drawing attention to Britain’s poor
Victoria 1837–1901 Neice of George 4 and William 4 – Daughter of Edward – 4th son of George 3 63   81 Frogmore, Windsor Married Albert of Saxe – Coburg Gotha. Ruled during the industrial revolution. The British Empire became powerful and rich. The longest reign in English history at that time, the British Empire and British world power had reached their highest point. The name Saxe-Coburg-Gotha came to the British Royal Family in 1840 with the marriage of Queen Victoria to Prince Albert, son of Ernest, Duke of Saxe-Coburg & Gotha. Queen Victoria herself remained a member of the House of Hanover.She had 9 children, 40 grand-children and 37 great-grandchildren, scattered all over Europe.
               
Saxe-Coberg/Windsor              
Edward 7 (The Peacemaker) 1901–1910 Son of Queen Victoria 9   68 Windsor Became King at 60yrs old. He married Alexandra of Denmark and kept Europe at peace during his life. He enjoyed fine food and horse racing.
George 5 1910–1936 Son of Edward 7 25   70 Windsor Ruled Britain during First World War 1914 – 1918. During his reign women were allowed to vote for the first time. Sinn Fein Easter Rising in 1916 led to independent Parliament in Ireland in 1918.
Edward 8 1936- 1936 Son of George 5 325d     Windsor Ruled for just 325 days – abdicating December 1936. Abdicated to marry Mrs Wallis Simpson, as he was not able to marry a divorced woman and become King. Mrs. Simpson was an American, a divorcee and had two husbands still living.
George 6 1936–1952   15   56 Windsor He didn’t expect to become King. He had a stutter which he overcame. He ruled during World War Two and refused to leave London during the blitz. The two Princesses, Elizabeth and Margaret, spent the war years at Windsor Castle.
Elizabeth 2 1952-